The banks responsible for the 2007 financial crisis have paid out over $100 billion in fines, according to a new report in the Financial Times. The fines were paid out for a variety of pre-crisis “mistakes” ranging from issuing bad loans to borrowers unable to repay them to manipulating interbank borrowing rates such as Libor.
Recent payments include an $885 million fine paid by Credit Suisse to American regulatory agency the Federal Housing Finance Agency. The payment results in a staggering $99.5 billion paid out by financial institutions since the financial crisis occurred in 2007 and 2008.
More than half of the financial services industry fines were paid in 2013, with a total of $52 billion paid to the United States treasury throughout the year. $32 billion was paid by leading financial institutions to the Treasury during 2012, up from less than five billion dollar a year earlier.
Not all banks were subject to equal fines. JP Morgan, considered the ‘ringleader’ of several irresponsible lending and investment programmes, was fined a staggering $13 billion. Other banks to be heavily fined by US regulators included Citigroup and Bank of America.
While critics of the banks welcomed the heavy fines, others worried that fines alone were not enough to influence large institutions with such incredible assets. Stanford University professional Anat Admati believes that many of the banks targeted by the regulators will view the fines as a “cost of doing business”.
Economists believe that banks could face further fines as investigations into pre and post-crisis lending activity continues. Many of the penalties and investigations were launched by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Political commentators believe they represent a change in regulatory attitudes towards the main US banks and the beginning of “punishment” for the banks’ role in the financial crisis.Read more
US investment bank JP Morgan could be forced to pay the largest fine in corporate banking history. The American financial services firm is facing up to $13 billion in fines for its involvement in selling misleading mortgage bonds to investors.
The bank was one of several major US banks to be involved in the large-scale selling of low quality mortgage bonds that resulted in the 2008 financial crisis. Other banks to have participated in the 2005-2008 mortgage controversy include Fannie May – a target of the SEC for securities fraud – and Freddie Mac.
Wall Street experts believe that the incredible $13 billion fine could lead to serious repercussions for the industry. Numerous financial commentators have weighed in on the fine, claiming that it could lead to further fines not just for JP Morgan’s main competitors, but for the bank itself as it owns up to further wrongdoing.
Banking analyst Nancy Bush, who works for NAB Research, claimed that the fine has ‘opened up the piggy bank’ for prosecutors and government agencies interested in a side of the financial industry that many outsiders feel has avoided prosecution. ‘This $13 billion … will embolden the DOJ and pretty much everyone else.”
Analysts believe that the primary reason for JP Morgan’s massive fine was the level of misrepresentation used by its mortgage-backed securities sales team during the years leading up to the crisis. Toxic mortgage-backed securities were sold to many investors as ‘nearly risk-free’ when they were in fact close to worthless.
Legal experts believe that the JP Morgan case will serve as a test for the Department of Justice, which, under the leadership of Eric Holder, is setting out to target many of the people most responsible for the 2008 financial meltdown. Many people believe that civil lawsuits filed by investors could follow the massive government fine.Read more